The Better Investment for Stunting Alleviation project supports the Government of Indonesia’s national strategy to reduce stunting by improving nutrition before pregnancy and in the first 1,000 days.
Maternal malnutrition can have a range of adverse effects on the health and wellbeing of both the mother and the child.
Anaemia during pregnancy has been associated with higher risks of maternal and perinatal mortality. In 2016, an estimated 35.3 million – or 40% – of all pregnant women worldwide were anaemic. This is an increase of more than two million women since 2011.
Insufficient folate levels in blood prior to conception and early in the first trimester can lead to debilitating and sometimes deadly neural tube defects. An estimated 300,000 babies are born each year with spina bifida and anencephaly – the two most common types of neural tube defects.